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Vol.2, No.3, 2023: pp.81-87

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF EGGSHELLS POWDERS REATED WITH HYDROCHLORIC ACID AND SODIUM HYDROXIDE

Authors:

Dimitrina Kiryakova1
, Ganka Kolchakova1
1Department of Materials Science, Assen Zlatarov University, Burgas, Bulgaria

Received: 2 April 2023
Revised: 7 July 2023
Accepted: 26 July 2023
Published: 30 September 2023

Abstract:

The present paper investigates the possibility of increasing the porous and surface characteristics of eggshell powders. For this purpose, the collected waste eggshells were washed, dried at 90°C, crushed mechanically and sieved into a particle size smaller than 0.315 µm. The resulting powder was chemically modified by immersion in 1M solutions of HCl and NaOH. After the treatment with the above reagents, the surface-treated eggshells were characterized by a combination of XRD, FT-IR, BET and SEM analyses. The XRD diffraction data and FT-IR spectra confirmed that the untreated eggshells were composed mainly of calcium carbonate in the form of calcite. After treatments on the surface of the particles were carried out, calcite did not undergo structural changes. From the N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms it was found that all of samples have nonporous or macro porous structures.

Keywords:

Waste eggshells, calcium carbonate, treatment, surface characteristics, pore volume, specific surface area, structure

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© 2023 by the authors. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Volume 3
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March 2024.

 

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How to Cite

D. Kiryakova, G. Kolchakova, Preparation and Characterization of Eggshells Powders Treated With Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide. Advanced Engineering Letters, 2(3), 2023: 81-87.
https://doi.org/10.46793/adeletters.2023.2.3.1

More Citation Formats

Kiryakova, D, & Kolchakova, G. (2023). Preparation and Characterization of Eggshells Powders Reated With Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide. Advanced Engineering Letters2(3), 81-87. https://doi.org/10.46793/adeletters.2023.2.3.1

Dimitrina Kiryakova, and Ganka Kolchakova. “Preparation and Characterization of Eggshells Powders Reated With Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide.” Advanced Engineering Letters, vol. 2, no. 3, 2023, pp. 81-87, https://doi.org/10.46793/adeletters.2023.2.3.1.

Dimitrina Kiryakova, and Ganka Kolchakova, 2023. “Preparation and Characterization of Eggshells Powders Reated With Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide.” Advanced Engineering Letters 2 (3): 81-87. https://doi.org/10.46793/adeletters.2023.2.3.1.

Kiryakova, D., and Kolchakova G. (2023). Preparation and Characterization of Eggshells Powders Reated With Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide. Advanced Engineering Letters, 2(3), pp.81-87. doi: 10.46793/adeletters.2023.2.3.1.