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Vol.2, No.3, 2023: pp.105-113



Hamidreza Moradi1
, Fatemeh Mehradnia2

1Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Science, The University of North Carolina at
Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
2Center for Translational Medicine, Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of
Montana, USA

Received: 22 June 2023
Revised: 4 September 2023
Accepted: 22 September 2023
Published: 30 September 2023


The X-ray diffractometer in the laboratory is a crucial instrument for analyzing materials in science. It can be used on almost any crystal material, and if the machine parameters are appropriately controlled, it can offer a lot of information about the sample’s characteristics. Nevertheless, the data obtained from these machines are complicated by an aberration function that can be resolved through calibration. In this study, a powder comprising of Barium Sulfate (BaSO4), Zinc Oxide (ZnO) and Aluminum (Al) was used as the first sample and a single crystal sample comprised of Gallium Nitride (GaN) and Aluminum Oxide (Al2O3). The required calibration parameters of the X-ray diffractometer namely: Straight Beam Alignment, Beam Cut Alignment and Sample Tilt Alignment for two samples were analyzed and carried out. Using the results of the X-ray spectrum, important parameters such as corresponding planes for peak positions, d-spacing of planes, intensities, smallest crystallite sizes and lattice parameters, and a comparison with the reference data were all carried out. As another result, the out-of-plane alignment and Full-Width- at Half-Maximum (FWHM) value for GaN could be determined using the rocking curve.


Scanning Electron Microscopy, Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Backscattered Electron Image, Secondary Electron Imaging, Calibration, MEMS


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© 2023 by the authors. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Volume 3
Number 1
March 2024.



How to Cite

H. Moradi, F. Mehradnia, An Analysis on Improvement of X-Ray Diffractometer Results by Controlling and Calibration of Parameters. Advanced Engineering Letters, 2(3), 2023: 105–113.

More Citation Formats

Moradi, H., & Mehradnia, F. (2023). An Analysis on Improvement of X-Ray Diffractometer Results by Controlling and Calibration of Parameters. Advanced Engineering Letters2(3), 105–113.

Moradi, Hamidreza, and Fatemeh Mehradnia. “An Analysis on Improvement of X-Ray Diffractometer Results by Controlling and Calibration of Parameters.” Advanced Engineering Letters, vol. 2, no. 3, 2023, pp. 105–13,

Moradi, Hamidreza, and Fatemeh Mehradnia. 2023. “An Analysis on Improvement of X-Ray Diffractometer Results by Controlling and Calibration of Parameters.” Advanced Engineering Letters 2 (3): 105–13.

Moradi, H. and Mehradnia F. (2023). An Analysis on Improvement of X-Ray Diffractometer Results by Controlling and Calibration of Parameters. Advanced Engineering Letters, 2(3), pp.105–113. doi: 10.46793/adeletters.2023.2.3.4.